The leafhoppers comprise by far the largest family within the Hemiptera, with approximately 19,500 described species in over 40 subfamilies (Oman et al. 1990a) of which the subfamily Cicadellinae comprises around 2,400 species in around 330 genera. The name “sharpshooter” for this group of xylem-feeding leafhoppers has increasingly been used especially in the USA. They are among the largest and most brightly coloured of the leafhoppers. Some species are important vectors of the xylem-limited bacterium Xylella fastidiosa, which affects both citrus trees in Brazil as well as grapevines in southern USA.
The Cicadellinae, as currently defined, was revised by David Young (1915–1991) in three remarkable volumes (Young 1968a, 1977a, 1986a). The publication of these works has enabled the evaluation and description of additional genera and species, primarily by researchers in Brazil and China. The availability of these taxonomic monographs and subsequent publications, including the comprehensive catalogue (McKamey 2007) of all changes and additions from 1956 to mid-2006, has made the Cicadellinae a relatively well-known group.
In 2004 a project was started, funded by UK-based The Leverhulme Trust, which has enabled the compilation of digital images of Cicadellinae.
This website should be cited as:
Wilson M. R., Turner, J. A. & McKamey, S. H. 2009. Sharpshooter Leafhoppers of the World (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae subfamily Cicadellinae). Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Wales. Available online at http://naturalhistory.museumwales.ac.uk/Sharpshooters.
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This project would not have been possible were it not for the grant from The Leverhulme Trust, which has funded the employment of James Turner as Research Assistant and facilitated visits to BMNH, USNM, CAS, BPBM. This research received support from the SYNTHESYS Project http://www.synthesys.info/ which is financed by European Community Research Infrastructure Action under the FP6 “Structuring the European Research Area” Programme. The SYNTHESYS project provided funding for visits to Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, Swedish Natural History Museum, Stockholm, and Zoological Institute, Warsaw, Poland; Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität, Berlin, Germany and Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, Hungary; Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna, Austria. The work was considerably assisted by these visits.
Thanks are due to all have either assisted during visits to Institutions, provided literature or sent specimens or photographs.
AMNH: Dr R.T. Schuh & Peg Hart - American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA.
AMS: Dr Murray Fletcher - Australian Museum, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
BMNH: Mr Mick Webb - The Natural History Museum, London, UK.
BPBM: Dr Neal Evenhuis - Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.
CAS: Dr Norman Penny - California Academy of Science, San Francisco, California, USA.
GUGC: Dr Yang Maofa - Guizhou University, Giuyang, China.
HNHM: Drs. David Redei, Andras Orosz - Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, Hungary.
INHS: Drs. Chris Dietrich, Daniela Takiya, Roman Rakitov - Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign, Illinois, USA.
KUEC: Satoshi Kamitani - Entomology Collection, Kyushu Universty, Fukuoka, Japan.
MLUH (Halle): Karla Schneider - Martin-Luther-Universität, Wissenschaftsbe reich Zoologie, Halle a. S. Germany.
MMBC: Igor Malenovsky, Dr. Pavel Lauterer - Moravské Zemské Muzeum [Moravian Museum], Brno, Czech Republic.
MNHM: Prof. Thierry Bourgoin, Dr. Adeline Soulier-Perkins - Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.
MNRJ: Prof. Gabriel Mejdalani - Departamento de Entomologia, Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
MTD (Dresden): Dr Rainer Emmrich - Museum für Tierkunde, Dresden, Germany.
MZPW: Dr Jacek Szwedo - Polish Academy of Science, Museum of the Institute of Zoology, Warsaw, Poland.
NCSU: Dr Lewis Deitz, Bob Blinn - North Carolina State University Insect Collection, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.
NHRS: Dr Kjell Arne Johanson, Bert Gustafsson, Bert Viklund - Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Stockholm, Sweden.
NMPC, Prague: Petr Kment - National Museum (Natural History), Prague, Czech Republic.
NMW: Dr Herbert Zettel - Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna, Austria.
NWAU: Dr Zhang Yalin - North-West Agricultural University, Yanglingzhen, Shaanxi, China.
OUMNH: Darren Mann, Zoe Simmons - University Museum of Natural History, Oxford, UK
RMNH (Leiden): Rob de Vries, Caroline pepermans - Nationaal Natuurhistorische Museum, Leiden, Netherlands.
USNM: Drs. Thomas Henry, Stuart McKamey, & Michele Touchet - National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, US
ZALF: Dr Eckhard Groll - Deutsches Entomologisches Institut im ZALF, Müncheburg, Germany.
ZFMK: Dr Karl-Heinz Lampe - Zoologische Forschungsinstitut und Museum “Alexander Koenig” Bonn, Germany
ZIN: Dr Vladimir Gnezdilov, Prof. Izya Kirzhner, Prof. Alexander Emeljanov - Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Science St. Petersberg, Russia
ZMHB: Dr Jürgen Deckert, Prof. Dr. Hannelore Hoch - Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt- Universität, Berlin, Germany
ZMUH: Prof. Dr Hans Strümpel - Universität von Hamburg, Zoologisches Institut und Zoologisches Museum, Hamburg, Germany.
We would like to thank Chandra Viraktamath, formerly of the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, for his continued interest and encouragement throughout the project, and also Dr Roland Muehlethaler for his proof reading of the manuscript.