Species Account

Tapes (Ruditapes) philippinarum (Adams & Reeve, 1850)

Veneroidea : Veneridae

Tebble name: n/a
Smith & Heppell name: Tapes philippinarum (Adams & Reeve, 1850)

Notes on Nomenclature

Ruditapes, Polititapes and Venerupis are used as subgenera rather than genera. Although WoRMS and CLEMAM elevate these to generic standing, the phylogenetic tree presented by Kappner and Bieler (2006) gives very little support to the recognition of these genera.

To size: To 63mm. Shell Structure: Robust, thick shelled. Equivalve: Equivalve. Equilateral: Inequilateral, beaks in front of midline. Tumidity: Slightly tumid. Outline: Rhomboidal.

Sculpture: Sculpture consisting of thin concentric grooves and radial ribs to form decussate sculpture. Margin: Margin smooth. Ligament: Ligament extending from umbo halfway to posterior. Hinge: 3 cardinals in each valve. No laterals. Pallial Musculature: Muscle scars roughly equal: Posterior slightly fatter than anterior. Pallial line extends to midline, rounded. Periostracum: Thin, smooth, satin sheen. Colour: White. yellow some with purple blotches to posterior internally. External fawn coloured, but with mid- to dark-brown rays/blotches/zigzags.

Distribution & Ecology

Introduced to Britain in Poole Harbour as a possible commercial fishery and has now spread to other locations on the south coast of England. Found in silty/muddy sand and gravels from the low intertidal to the shallow sublittoral (to 20m).

Depth Range
Continental Shelf (to 200m)

Additional Information & Related Species


Listed are literature citing Tapes (Ruditapes) philippinarum (Adams & Reeve, 1850). Reference containing the species Type Description is highlighted.

Adams A & Reeve L 1850. The Zoology of the Voyage of HMS Samarang. Mollusca London. i-ix, 87pp.
Mikkelsen PM, Bieler R, Kappner I & Rawlings TA 2006. Phylogeny of Veneroidea (Mollusca: Bivalvia) based on morphology and molecules. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 148: 439-521.


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Record last modified: 19/05/2016