Species Account

Coralliophaga lithophagella (Lamarck, 1819)

Arcticoidea : Trapeziidae

Tebble name: n/a
Smith & Heppell name: Coralliophaga lithophagella (Lamarck, 1819)

To size: To 25mm. Shell Structure: Solid. Equivalve: Equivalve. Equilateral: Strongly inequilateral, beaks towards the anterior. Outline: Modioliform, often irregular; anterior area reduced, rounded; ventral margin long more or less straight; posterior expanded, posterior margin roundly subtruncate, posterior dorsal margin long almost straight. Contour: Umbo low; posterior angle rounded, a slight posterior dorsal sulcus in some.

Sculpture: Mostly of concentric lines, ridges and growth stops, in some a few of the ridges may be elevated into thin lamellae. Margin: Inner margin smooth. Ligament: External, a small arched band behind the beaks set on a shallow nymph. Pallial Musculature: Posterior adductor scar much larger than anterior. Pallial line entire but posterior straight or slightly indented and sharply angled with ventral portion. Periostracum: Pale, straw coloured. Colour: Shell white.

Distribution & Ecology

Not yet recorded from the British Isles. A Mediterranean and Lusitanian species extending as far north as Brittany.
Has a nestling habit living in crevices and holes bored by piddocks and date mussels.

Depth Range

Additional Information & Related Species

Related Species

Arcticoidea : Trapeziidae


Listed are literature citing Coralliophaga lithophagella (Lamarck, 1819). Reference containing the species Type Description is highlighted.

Lamarck J B P A de M 1819. Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans vertèbres 6. Paris. 6232pp.


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Record last modified: 22/03/2016