Species Account

Gouldia minima (Montagu, 1803)

Veneroidea : Veneridae

Tebble name: Gafrarium (Gouldia) minima (Montagu)
Smith & Heppell name: Gouldia minima (Montagu, 1803)

To size: To 16mm. Shell Structure: Solid. Equivalve: Equivalve. Equilateral: Almost equilateral. Beaks just in front of midline. Tumidity: Fairly tumid. Outline: Sub-triangular. Lunule prominent, elongate, with radiating grooves. Escutcheon ill-defined.

Sculpture: Concentric ridges and grooves. Margin: Smooth. Ligament: Sunken, extends halfway to posterior margin. Hinge: 3 cardinals in each valve. 2 anterior laterals in RV and 1 anterior lateral in LV. Pallial Musculature: Pallial sinus minute, tiny indentation. Periostracum: Thin, satin. Colour: White/brown/red/purple with pattern of streaks/spots/lines/rays/blotches.

Distribution & Ecology

Widely distributed on most coasts but absent from much of the North Sea and eastern English Channel. Lives in the low intertidal and shallow shelf. Shallow-burrower in sandy mud and fine and medium gravel.

Depth Range
Continental Shelf (to 200m)

Additional Information & Related Species


Listed are literature citing Gouldia minima (Montagu, 1803). Reference containing the species Type Description is highlighted.

Montagu G 1803. Testacea Britannica, or natural history of British shells, marine, land and the fresh-water, including the most minute: systematically arranged and embellished with figures Romsey, London. 606pp, 16pls.
Salas C & Gofas S 1998. Description of four new species of Neolepton Monterosato, 1875 (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Neoleptonidae), with comments on the genus and on its affinity with the Veneracea. Ophelia. 48(1): 35-70.


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Record last modified: 17/05/2016