Species Account

Dendrostrea frons (Linnaeus, 1758)

Ostreoidea : Ostreidae

Non-native
Tebble name: n/a
Smith & Heppell name: n/a

To size: To 50mm. Shell Structure: Thick, robust. Equivalve: Inequivalve, lower (left) valve more convex than upper valve. Equilateral: Equilateral. Tumidity: Compressed. Outline: Irregular oval, sometimes elongated.

Sculpture: Strong radial ribs. Margin: Chomata on margins either side of hinge. Ligament: Set on a triangular resilifer. Hinge: Adults edentulate, Chomata either side of hinge. Pallial Musculature: One posterior, large adductor muscle. Pallial line entire. Colour: White internally, external golden, reddish brown to purple.

Distribution & Ecology

Worldwide distribution in Atlantic, Pacific Oceans, Red Sea and Arabian Sea and Mediterranean. Ocean currents and other species reports suggest that the Waterville specimens are from the West Atlantic. Found from North Carolina to Florida, Bermuda, Bahamas, West Indies, Guld of Mexico, Caribbean, south to Brazil.

Loher Beach, Waterville, Co. Kerry (2013), Cross Beach, Mullet Peninsula, Co. Mayo (1974), St Ives, Cornwall (1986).

Depth Range
Intertidal

Additional Information & Related Species

Related Species

References

Listed are literature citing Dendrostrea frons (Linnaeus, 1758). Reference containing the species Type Description is highlighted.

Holmes A.M., Oliver P.G., Trewhella S, Hill R. & Quigley D.T.G. 2015. Trans-Atlantic rafting of inshore mollusca on macro-litter. American molluscs on British and Irish shores, new records.. Journal of Conchology . 42 (1): 41-49.
Linnaeus C 1758. Systema Naturae. Editio decima. 1. Regnum Animale Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. 824pp.
Pagenkopp Lohan K.M., Hill-Spanik K.M., Torchin M.E., Strong E.E., Fleischer R.C. & Ruiz G.M. 2015. Molecular phylogenetics reveals first record an invasion of Saccostrea species in the Caribbean.. Marine Biology. 162(5): 957-968.
Quigley D.T.G. & Hill R. 2015. Frond Oyster (Dendrostrea frons (L.)) stranded at Waterville, Co. Kerry. Irish Naturalists’ Journal. 34(2): pl 28-9.
Turk S.M. 1988. Christopher Columbus and Pteria colymbus.. Conchologists’ Newsletter. 105: 93-96.
West A.B. & O’Riordan C.E. 1979. The Coon Oyster, Lopha frons (L.): an exotic visitor to NW Europe.. Conchologists’ Newsletter. 68: 123-4.
West A.B. & O’Riordan C.E. 1984. Deondrostrea frons (L.) (Ostreidae: Lophinae): A record from flotsam in Co. Mayo... Irish Naturalists’ Journal. 21: 278-279.

Resources

  • Conchological Society of Great Britain & Ireland
    Provides resources for understanding, identifying, recording, and conserving molluscs
  • CLEMAM
    Check List of European Marine Mollusca
  • MarLIN
    The Marine Life Information Network for Britain and Ireland (MarLIN) provides information for marine environmental management, protection and education. It is a centre of excellence in spatially based and time-series marine biological information and supports good stewardship in the marine environment.
  • NBN Gateway
    National Biodiversity Network's Gateway. Use it to explore UK biodiversity data, as contributed by participating data providers.
  • BivAToL
  • MarBEF
  • Malacological Society
  • Unitas Malacologica
  • Census of Marine Life
  • MarBEF
    MarBEF, a network of excellence funded by the European Union and consisting of 94 European marine institutes, is a platform to integrate and disseminate knowledge and expertise on marine biodiversity, with links to researchers, industry, stakeholders and the general public.

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Record last modified: 17/05/2016