Species Account

Dendrostrea frons (Linnaeus, 1758)

Ostreoidea : Ostreidae

Tebble name: n/a
Smith & Heppell name: n/a

To size: To 50mm. Shell Structure: Thick, robust. Equivalve: Inequivalve, lower (left) valve more convex than upper valve. Equilateral: Equilateral. Tumidity: Compressed. Outline: Irregular oval, sometimes elongated.

Sculpture: Strong radial ribs. Margin: Chomata on margins either side of hinge. Ligament: Set on a triangular resilifer. Hinge: Adults edentulate, Chomata either side of hinge. Pallial Musculature: One posterior, large adductor muscle. Pallial line entire. Colour: White internally, external golden, reddish brown to purple.

Distribution & Ecology

Worldwide distribution in Atlantic, Pacific Oceans, Red Sea and Arabian Sea and Mediterranean. Ocean currents and other species reports suggest that the Waterville specimens are from the West Atlantic. Found from North Carolina to Florida, Bermuda, Bahamas, West Indies, Guld of Mexico, Caribbean, south to Brazil.

Loher Beach, Waterville, Co. Kerry (2013), Cross Beach, Mullet Peninsula, Co. Mayo (1974), St Ives, Cornwall (1986).

Depth Range

Additional Information & Related Species

Related Species


Listed are literature citing Dendrostrea frons (Linnaeus, 1758). Reference containing the species Type Description is highlighted.

Holmes A.M., Oliver P.G., Trewhella S, Hill R. & Quigley D.T.G. 2015. Trans-Atlantic rafting of inshore mollusca on macro-litter. American molluscs on British and Irish shores, new records.. Journal of Conchology . 42 (1): 41-49.
Linnaeus C 1758. Systema Naturae. Editio decima. 1. Regnum Animale Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. 824pp.
Pagenkopp Lohan K.M., Hill-Spanik K.M., Torchin M.E., Strong E.E., Fleischer R.C. & Ruiz G.M. 2015. Molecular phylogenetics reveals first record an invasion of Saccostrea species in the Caribbean.. Marine Biology. 162(5): 957-968.
Quigley D.T.G. & Hill R. 2015. Frond Oyster (Dendrostrea frons (L.)) stranded at Waterville, Co. Kerry. Irish Naturalists’ Journal. 34(2): pl 28-9.
Turk S.M. 1988. Christopher Columbus and Pteria colymbus.. Conchologists’ Newsletter. 105: 93-96.
West A.B. & O’Riordan C.E. 1979. The Coon Oyster, Lopha frons (L.): an exotic visitor to NW Europe.. Conchologists’ Newsletter. 68: 123-4.
West A.B. & O’Riordan C.E. 1984. Deondrostrea frons (L.) (Ostreidae: Lophinae): A record from flotsam in Co. Mayo... Irish Naturalists’ Journal. 21: 278-279.


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Record last modified: 17/05/2016