Species Account

USNM.52220; Allotype; Female; 'Mt Diablo CAL'; Coll.: Oman; Date: 6.21.1935

USNM.52220; allotype; Female; 'Mt Diablo CAL'; Coll.: Oman; Date: 6.21.1935

USNM.52220; Allotype; Female; 'Mt Diablo CAL'; Coll.: Oman; Date: 6.21.1935
NMW Image No. i14221

Pagaronia confusa Oman

Membracoidea : Cicadellidae
Diseases Transmitted

Distribution Map
(simplified continental distribution)
Geographical Distribution:

Recorded Distribution(s):
It is known only from California and possibly Nevada. Oman in 1938 (582) recorded it from Mt. Diablo, San Rafael, Sausalito, and Palo Alto, Calif., and Reno, Nev. Additional locali¬ties reported were Antherton and Berkeley (DeLong and Severin 1949 [197]).

(Nielson, 1968)

Pagaronia confusa Oman
Diseases Transmitted Pathogen Type
Crops Affected by Pagaronia confusa Oman
Rice Citrus Carrot
Barley Apple Tomato
Maize (Corn) Pear Potato
Sugarcane Elm Strawberry
Wheat Palms Rubus
Sorghum Grapevine Papaya
Other (grasses/cereals) Ornamentals Peach

This species is a vector of Pierce’s disease virus of grape in California. Frazier and Freitag (275) were first to report this species as a vector of this virus in 1946. Transmission was accomplished from diseased grape and alfalfa to healthy grape and alfalfa. It was not an efficient Vector, having transmitted the virus to only 14 percent of the plants tested. In 1949, Severin (706) confirmed transmission and obtained low infection from diseased grape to healthy grape with single specimens. Low longevity of adults contributed to low percentage of infections. No infections were obtained from diseased alfalfa to healthy alfalfa. A low percentage of natural infectivity was reported by Freitag and Frazier in 1954 (286) using mixed populations of Pagaronia species.
(Nielson 1968)

This species is not considered an important vector in the natural spread of this virus.
(Nielson 1968)

Identification Plates
Pagaronia confusa

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Plate 1
Species Description

Large, slender species. Length of male 7.90—8.10 mm., female 9.00—9.40 mm.

General color light yellow. Crown light yellow with Seven black spots; pronotum light yellow; elytra light yellow with light-orange longitudinal stripes.

Pygofer in lateral aspect about as long as wide, caudal margin broadly angulate; aedeagus in lateral aspect long, recurved, tube-like with pair of prominent terminal processes, processes long, straight, projecting cephalad in lateral aspect, laterad in ventral aspect; gonopore subterminal on ventral surface of shaft; style in dorsal aspect with apex broad, curved laterally, lateral tooth near apex and small tooth on ventral surface near apex; female seventh sternum in ventral aspect with caudal margin slightly convex, deeply notched medially.

Species Diagnosis

This species, related to furcata, can be separated by the apical paired processes of the aedeagus, which are curved cephalad in lateral aspect and laterad in ventral aspect. The genitalia and adults were illustrated by DeLong and Severin (1949 ).

(Nielson 1968)


Host Plant Activity Period (Months) Dormancy Generations
- -
Eggs -
Nymphs -
Adult -
One per year -
Continuous -
Variable -
Pagaronia confusa Oman

Higher taxonomy

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Superfamily Family
Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Hemiptera
Suborder: Auchenorrhyncha
Infraorder: Cicadamorpha
Membracoidea Cicadellidae
Subfamily: Errhorominae
Pagaronia confusa Oman
Nielson, M. W. 1968b. The leafhopper vectors of phytopathogenic viruses (Homoptera, Cicadellidae). Taxonomy, biology and virus transmission. United States Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin . 1382 386 pp.
Record last updated - 12/09/2019