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Species Account


NMW; Female; 'Philippines Liliw'; Date: 26.x.79
i14951

NMW; Female; 'Philippines Liliw'; Date: 26.x.79
i14952

NMW; Female; 'Philippines Liliw'; Date: 26.x.79
NMW Image No. i14951

Recilia dorsalis (Motchulsky 1859b: 114 )

Membracoidea : Cicadellidae

Zig-zag leafhopper

Diseases Transmitted
Rice dwarf virus Phytoreovirus Virus
Rice Orange leaf 16Sr Phytoplasma
Rice tungro bacilliform virus Tungrovirus Virus
Rice tungro spherical virus Waikavirus Virus

Described as Deltocephalus dorsalis Motschulsky. Has also been known as Inazuma dorsalis.
(Wilson & Claridge 1991) Ishihara (1953) and Ling (1979) give further information on other names used and synonyms.

Deltocephalus dorsalis Motschulsky 1859
Deltocephalus fulguralis
Inazuma dorsalis Matsumura
Sanctanus dorsalis
Thamnotettix dorsalis
Thamnotettix sellata
Thamnotettix storratus
Togacephalus dorsalis

Distribution Map
(simplified continental distribution)
Geographical Distribution:
Asia, Australasia & Oceania

Recorded Distribution(s):
Widely distributed in Asia from India to Australia.

This species is widespread in Japan and south¬east Asia. Cheo in 1935 (127) reported it from Ceylon, Japan, India, Bor¬neo, Formosa, China, and the Malay Peninsula. It is also common in the Philippines (Rivera et al., 647). (Nielson, 1968)

Recilia dorsalis (Motchulsky 1859b: 114 )
Diseases Transmitted Pathogen Type
Rice dwarf virus Phytoreovirus Virus
Rice Orange leaf 16Sr Phytoplasma
Rice tungro bacilliform virus Tungrovirus Virus
Rice tungro spherical virus Waikavirus Virus
Crops Affected by Recilia dorsalis (Motchulsky 1859b: 114 )
Rice Citrus Carrot
Barley Apple Tomato
Maize (Corn) Pear Potato
Sugarcane Elm Strawberry
Wheat Palms Rubus
Sorghum Grapevine Papaya
Other (grasses/cereals) Ornamentals Peach

A relatively minor rice pest but known vector of tungro, rice dwarf, rice gall dwarf virus diseases and the sole vector of the rice orange leaf disease.

(Wilson & Claridge 1991)

Identification Plates
Recilia dorsalis
Recilia dorsalis
Recilia dorsalis


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Species Description

Length:
Small, linear species. Length of male 3.20—3.40 mm., female 3.70—3.80 mm.

Colour:
General colour light grey. Crown and pronotum light grey with light infuscations of brown; elytra grey with conspicuous broad, brown, zigzag longitudinal band.

Genitalia:
Pygofer in lateral aspect about 11/3 times as long as wide, caudal margin obliquely truncate; aedeagus in lateral aspect fused to connective; shaft tubelike, narrow, sharply attenuated apically, large sagittal groove on dorsal surface in dorsal aspect; style in dorsal aspect simple, apex narrowed; female seventh sternum in ventral aspect with caudal margin distinctly truncate.

Species Diagnosis

R. dorsalis is among the easiest of the rice-associated leafhoppers to identify by virtue of the distinctive markings of the fore- wings in both males and females, hence the name 'zig-zag leafhopper'.

(Wilson & Claridge 1991)


Ecology

Host Plant Activity Period (Months) Dormancy Generations
-
Secondary (feeding): various grass species
-
Eggs
Nymphs -
Adult -
One per year -
Continuous -
Variable
Recilia dorsalis (Motchulsky 1859b: 114 )

Higher taxonomy

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Superfamily Family
Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Hemiptera
Suborder: Auchenorrhyncha
Infraorder: Cicadamorpha
Membracoidea Cicadellidae
Subfamily: Deltocephalinae
Recilia dorsalis (Motchulsky 1859b: 114 )
References
Nielson, M. W. 1968b. The leafhopper vectors of phytopathogenic viruses (Homoptera, Cicadellidae). Taxonomy, biology and virus transmission. United States Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin . 1382 386 pp.
Record last updated - 12/09/2019