Species Account

NMW; Female; 'Philippines Liliw'; Date: 26.x.79

NMW; Female; 'Philippines Liliw'; Date: 26.x.79

NMW; Male; 'Philippines Liliw'; Date: 26.x.79

NMW; Male; 'Philippines Liliw'; Date: 26.x.79

NMW; Female; 'Philippines Liliw'; Date: 26.x.79
NMW Image No. i14963

Sogatella furcifera (Horváth 1899)

Fulgoroidea : Delphacidae

Whitebacked planthopper (WPH or WBPH)

Diseases Transmitted
Pangola stunt virus Fijivirus Virus

Described as Delphax furcifera Horvath. Asche & Wilson (1990) record the following other names: Sogata distincta Distant, Sogata pallescens Distant, Sogata kyusyuensis Matsumura and Ishihara, and Sogata tandojamensis Qadri and Mirza.
(Wilson & Claridge 1991)

Calligypona furcifera (Horváth)
Chloriona furcifera Fennah 1956
Delphacodes furcifera Esaki & Ishihara 1931
Delphax furcifera Horváth 1899
Liburnia furcifera
Megamelus furcifer
Megamelus furcifera Muir 1917
Megamelus furciferus
Sogata distincta Distant 1912
Sogata furcifera Muir & Giffard 1924
Sogata furcifera distincta
Sogata kyusyuensis Matsumura & Ishihara
Sogata pallescens Distant 1912
Sogata tandojamensis Qadri & Mirza
Sogatella furcifera distincta

Distribution Map
(simplified continental distribution)
Geographical Distribution:
Asia, Australasia & Oceania

Recorded Distribution(s):
Widespread in the eastern Palaearctic, the Oriental region, the Western Pacific and Australia. For further detail see Asche & Wilson (1990). However, Asche & Wilson (1990) stated that the western limits of the distribution of S. furcifera are still unclear: all specimens from Africa, Europe and the New World that had previously been identified as S. furcifera proved to be other species.

Sogatella furcifera (Horváth 1899)
Diseases Transmitted Pathogen Type
Pangola stunt virus Fijivirus Virus
Crops Affected by Sogatella furcifera (Horváth 1899)
Rice Citrus Carrot
Barley Apple Tomato
Maize (Corn) Pear Potato
Sugarcane Elm Strawberry
Wheat Palms Rubus
Sorghum Grapevine Papaya
Other (grasses/cereals) Ornamentals Peach

Second only to Nilaparvata lugens as a rice pest in Asia where it damages the crop by direct feeding. Mochida and Okada (1971) list the host plants of Japanese Delphacidae, including Sogatella species. Unfortunately they fail to differentiate adequately between casual host records and true host plants. However, for S. furcifera a considerable list of Gramineae is given from which nymphs were reared to adults under experimental conditions. Lee and Kwon (1980) also give an extensive list of host plants of S. furcifera.
S. furcifera
is a serious rice pest in Japan but appears unable to overwinter there and undergoes long-distance migration (like N. lugens (Stal) each year from southern China (Kisimoto, 1976, 1987). It is interesting that S. furcifera is not yet recorded as the vector of any rice diseases.
Khan and Saxena (1985) provide a selected bibliography of over 500 references to S.
furcifera up to February 1984.

(Wilson & Claridge 1991)

Identification Plates
Sogatella furcifera
Sogatella furcifera

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Plate 1Plate 2
Species Description

Males with dark frons, clypeus and genae.

Tegmina with dark or fuscous marking at tip of clavus which in females may be less developed or missing.

Species Diagnosis

S. furcifera can be readily distinguished from the other Sogatella species by structures of the male genitalia; the parameres strongly dilated at base, apex relatively small, almost equally bifurcate. Asche and Wilson (1990) reported that S. furcifera shows a wide range of intraspecific variation in several characters, such as intensity and extent of coloration and genital structures (e.g. parameres) even within the same population. In some specimens variation in the shape of the left and right parameres of the same individual was observed. The degree of intraspecific variation proved to be about the same in all populations studied from various localities.

(Wilson & Claridge 1991)


Host Plant Activity Period (Months) Dormancy Generations
- -
Eggs -
Nymphs -
Adult -
One per year -
Continuous -
Variable -
Sogatella furcifera (Horváth 1899)

Higher taxonomy

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Superfamily Family
Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Hemiptera
Suborder: Auchenorrhyncha
Infraorder: Fulgoromorpha
Fulgoroidea Delphacidae
Sogatella furcifera (Horváth 1899)
Wilson, M.R. & Claridge, M.F. 1991. Handbook for the identification of leafhoppers and planthoppers of rice. CABI, Wallingford.
Record last updated - 22/10/2010