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Species Account


NMW; Male; 'Jogya, Java; Indonesia; '; On rice; Coll.: wilson; Date: 14.iii.81
i14297

NMW; Male; 'Jogya, Java; Indonesia; '; On rice; Coll.: wilson; Date: 14.iii.81
i14298

NMW; Female; 'Liliw ; Tuy Banaan; Philippines'; Date: 1.2.80
i14299

NMW; Female; 'Liliw ; Tuy Banaan; Philippines'; Date: 1.2.80
i14300

NMW; Male; 'Jogya, Java; Indonesia; '; On rice; Coll.: wilson; Date: 14.iii.81
NMW Image No. i14297

Nephotettix nigropictus (Stål 1870c: 740 )

Membracoidea : Cicadellidae
Diseases Transmitted
Rice dwarf virus Phytoreovirus Virus
rice stunt virus 16Sr Phytoplasma
Rice transitory yellowing Rhabdoviridae Virus
Rice tungro spherical virus Waikavirus Virus
Rice yellow dwarf 16SrXI-A Phytoplasma

Described as Thamnotettix nigropicta Stal. It has also been known as N. apicalis (Motschulsky) in much early agricultural literature.
(Wilson & Claridge 1991) Other names used in earlier literature: Nephotettix apicalis sensu Distant, Nephotettix nigromaculatus, N.apicalis N. apicalis sensu Ishihara & Kawase, Pediopsis apicalis, Pediopsis nigromaculatus.

Distribution Map
(simplified continental distribution)
Geographical Distribution:
Asia, Australasia & Oceania

Recorded Distribution(s):
Widely distributed in tropical Asia; known from Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Burma, Sri Lanka, Australia, New Guinea, China, Hong Kong, South Vietnam, Pakistan, Nepal, India, Thailand.

Nephotettix nigropictus (Stål 1870c: 740 )
Diseases Transmitted Pathogen Type
Rice dwarf virus Phytoreovirus Virus
rice stunt virus 16Sr Phytoplasma
Rice transitory yellowing Rhabdoviridae Virus
Rice tungro spherical virus Waikavirus Virus
Rice yellow dwarf 16SrXI-A Phytoplasma
Crops Affected by Nephotettix nigropictus (Stål 1870c: 740 )
Rice Citrus Carrot
Barley Apple Tomato
Maize (Corn) Pear Potato
Sugarcane Elm Strawberry
Wheat Palms Rubus
Sorghum Grapevine Papaya
Other (grasses/cereals) Ornamentals Peach

Second in importance to virescens over much of tropical Asia as vector of tungro virus. Usually less common on rice than virescens.
Host plants. A wide range of grass species are effective hosts for nigropictus (Inoue, 1986) as well as rice.

(Wilson & Claridge 1991)

Identification Plates
Nephotettix nigropictus
Nephotettix nigropictus
Nephotettix nigropictus


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Species Description

Colour:
Usually a well- marked species in both the male and female with well-developed black or dark brown marginal and submarginal bands on the head. The forewings are bright green with dark markings.

Genitalia:
Male genitalia with aedeagus bearing 8 pairs of spines on the shaft. Distoventral corner of pygofer with lobe bearing one long and four smaller spines.

Species Diagnosis

The number of spines on the male aedeagus distinguishes nigropictus from all other Nephotettix species.

In some females the reduction of intensity of these bands on the head may lead to confusion with females of N. cincticeps but in cincticeps the black band extends only to the ocelli. Forewing in the male with distal black spot usually touching claval suture. Apical third of forewing black.

Frequently found with virescens but the dark pigmentation of most specimens distinguish nigropictus from virescens and from other species.

(Wilson & Claridge 1991)

Ecology

Host Plant Activity Period (Months) Dormancy Generations
Rice
Secondary (feeding): A range of tropical grasses including Echinchloa
throughout the year in tropical regions depending on rainfall
Eggs
Nymphs -
Adult -
One per year -
Continuous
Variable -
Nephotettix nigropictus (Stål 1870c: 740 )

Higher taxonomy

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Superfamily Family
Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Hemiptera
Suborder: Auchenorrhyncha
Infraorder: Cicadamorpha
Membracoidea Cicadellidae
Subfamily: Deltocephalinae
Nephotettix nigropictus (Stål 1870c: 740 )
References
Wilson, M.R. & Claridge, M.F. 1991. Handbook for the identification of leafhoppers and planthoppers of rice. CABI, Wallingford.
Record last updated - 23/06/2011