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Species Account


NMW.Z.1985.032; Female; 'Oman: Ruwi, Wattayeh'
E004338

NMW.Z.1985.032; Female; 'Oman: Ruwi, Wattayeh'
NMW Image No. E004338

Hishimonoides phycitis (Distant 1908g: 363 )

Membracoidea : Cicadellidae
Diseases Transmitted
Eggplant little-leaf disease 16Sr Phytoplasma

Distribution Map
(simplified continental distribution)
Geographical Distribution:

Recorded Distribution(s):
It is known only from India. (Nielson, 1968)

Hishimonoides phycitis (Distant 1908g: 363 )
Diseases Transmitted Pathogen Type
Eggplant little-leaf disease 16Sr Phytoplasma
Crops Affected by Hishimonoides phycitis (Distant 1908g: 363 )
Rice Citrus Carrot
Barley Apple Tomato
Maize (Corn) Pear Potato
Sugarcane Elm Strawberry
Wheat Palms Rubus
Sorghum Grapevine Papaya
Other (grasses/cereals) Ornamentals Peach

This species is a vector of little leaf virus of brinjal (eggplant). Thomas and Krishnaswami (784) were first to report transmission of this virus in 1939 by a species determined as “Eutettix phycitis Distant.” Transmission was effected to 14 of 27 healthy brinjal plants (Solanum melongena L.) after feeding on diseased plants for 24 hours and healthy plants for 6 days. Host range of the virus included Datura fastuosa L., tomato, tobacco, and wild brinjal (S. xanthocarpum Schrad. & Wendl. and S. trilobatum L.), all infected by raft transmission.
(Nielson 1968)

The importance of this species in the natural spread of this virus is uncertain.
(Nielson 1968)

Identification Plates


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Species Description

Species Diagnosis

Ecology

Host Plant Activity Period (Months) Dormancy Generations
- -
Eggs -
Nymphs -
Adult -
One per year -
Continuous -
Variable -
Hishimonoides phycitis (Distant 1908g: 363 )

Higher taxonomy

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Superfamily Family
Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Hemiptera
Suborder: Auchenorrhyncha
Infraorder: Cicadamorpha
Membracoidea Cicadellidae
Subfamily: Deltocephalinae
Hishimonoides phycitis (Distant 1908g: 363 )
References
Nielson, M. W. 1968b. The leafhopper vectors of phytopathogenic viruses (Homoptera, Cicadellidae). Taxonomy, biology and virus transmission. United States Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin . 1382 386 pp.
Record last updated - 12/09/2019