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Species Account



NMW Image No.

Psammotettix striatus (Linnaeus 1758a: 437 )

Membracoidea : Cicadellidae
Diseases Transmitted

Distribution Map
(simplified continental distribution)
Geographical Distribution:
Europe

Recorded Distribution(s):
This species is widely distributed in Europe and Asia. It does not occur in North America. In 1952, Ribaut (643) has re¬corded it from numerous localities in Europe and Lindberg in 1941 (455) recorded it from additional localities in the Palearctic region. Esaki and Ito in 1954 (234) reported it from many localities in the Orien¬tal region. (Nielson, 1968)

Psammotettix striatus (Linnaeus 1758a: 437 )
Diseases Transmitted Pathogen Type
Crops Affected by Psammotettix striatus (Linnaeus 1758a: 437 )
Rice Citrus Carrot
Barley Apple Tomato
Maize (Corn) Pear Potato
Sugarcane Elm Strawberry
Wheat Palms Rubus
Sorghum Grapevine Papaya
Other (grasses/cereals) Ornamentals Peach

This species is a vector of mosaic virus of winter wheat. First reports of transmission of this virus appeared in 1939 by Zazhurilo and Sitnikova (890). Confirmation was subsequently reported by Zazhurilo and Sitnikova in 1940 and 1941 (891, 892, 893) and Razvyaskina in 1962 (631), who determined that the first generation was mainly responsible for the spread of the virus of winter wheat. Only nymphs are capable of transmitting the virus. Transovarial transmission was demonstrated by Shaskolskaya in 1962 (715). The percentage of infected insects in the progeny of infected parents was 76.7.
(Nielson 1968)

This species is the most important vector in the natural spread of winter wheat mosaic in Russia.
(Nielson 1968)

Identification Plates
Psammotettix striatus


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Plate 1
Species Description

Length:
Small, linear species. male 3.60—3.80 mm., female 3;70—4.00 mm.

Colour:
General colour tannish brown. Crown tan with patches of light brown on disk; pronotum tannish brown; elytra tan with cells bordered with dark brown, veins yellow or ivory.
.

Genitalia:
Pygofer in lateral aspect slightly longer than wide, caudoventral margin produced posteriorly to broad, convex lobe; aedeagus in lateral aspect curved, shaft tubelike; gonopore on ventral surface, near apex, bifid apically in ventral aspect; style in dorsal aspect shorter than connective, apex curved laterally; female seventh sternum in ventral aspect with caudal margin distinctly truncate.

Species Diagnosis

This species is similar to alienus in general habitus and genital characteristics and is difficult to separate. The aedeagus is distinctive, and in striatus the apex is rounded in lateral aspect and rounded or truncate in ventral aspect.
All the American references to this species are erroneous and probably referred to
alienus.

(Nielson 1968)

Ecology

Host Plant Activity Period (Months) Dormancy Generations
- -
Eggs -
Nymphs -
Adult -
One per year -
Continuous -
Variable -
Psammotettix striatus (Linnaeus 1758a: 437 )

Higher taxonomy

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Superfamily Family
Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Hemiptera
Suborder: Auchenorrhyncha
Infraorder: Cicadamorpha
Membracoidea Cicadellidae
Subfamily: Deltocephalinae
Psammotettix striatus (Linnaeus 1758a: 437 )
References
Nielson, M. W. 1968b. The leafhopper vectors of phytopathogenic viruses (Homoptera, Cicadellidae). Taxonomy, biology and virus transmission. United States Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin . 1382 386 pp.
Record last updated - 12/09/2019