Species Account

Chama macerophylla Gmelin, 1791

Chamoidea : Chamidae

Tebble name:
Smith & Heppell name:

To size: To 90 mm. Shell Structure: Thick, robust shell. Equivalve: Inequivalve. Bottom, left valve large and cemented, top valve fits into it. Equilateral: Inequilateral. Tumidity: Very tumid. Outline: Irregular circle to oval.

Sculpture: Rows of concentric frilly ridges, spines radially striated. Margin: Crenulated. Ligament: Thin brown band. Hinge: Single cardinal tooth in top valve, two in bottom valve. Pallial Musculature: Posterior adductor muscle much larger than anterior. Colour: Yellow, white, purple to red. Internal white with purple to the ventral margins.

Distribution & Ecology

In native range North Carolina to Florida, Bermuda, throughout Caribbean to Brazil.

In Britain and Ireland it has been found attached to ropes, crates and a buoy in Ireland and a Stone crab trap near Helston, Cornwall.

Depth Range

Additional Information & Related Species

Related Species


Listed are literature citing Chama macerophylla Gmelin, 1791. Reference containing the species Type Description is highlighted.

Campbell, M.R., Steiner, G., Campbell, L.D. & Dreyer H. 2004. Recent Chamidae (Bivalvia) from the Western Atlantic Ocean. Malacologia. 46(2): 381-415.
Gmelin J F 1791. Carli Linnaei systema Naturae per regna tria naturae. Editio decimatertia, aucta, reformata, Vermes Testacea 1 (6). Lipsiae. 3021-3910.


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Record last modified: 03/03/2022