Pharus legumen (Linnaeus, 1758)
Solenoidea : Pharidae
To size: To 130mm. Shell Structure: Rather thin, brittle. Equivalve: Equivalve. Equilateral: Almost equilateral, beaks at or just in front of midline. Tumidity: Compressed. Outline: Ensiform, dorsal and ventral margins almost parallel, slightly deeper posteriorly; anterior and posterior margins rounded, gaping.
Sculpture: Of fine co-marginal lines. Margin: Inner margin smooth. Ligament: External a short dark brown band behind the beaks. Hinge: LV with two cardinals, a long anterior and a short posterior lateral; RV with a single cardinal, a long anterior and a short posterior lateral. Both valves with a short internal rib running from the beaks to behind the anterior adductor scar. Pallial Musculature: Anterior adductor scar long extending beneath the beaks, posterior adductor scar semicircular. Pallial sinus short. Periostracum: Shiny yellowish to greenish yellow. Colour: Shell white.
Distribution & Ecology
Continental Shelf (to 200m)
Additional Information & Related Species
Solenoidea : Pharidae
Listed are literature citing Pharus legumen (Linnaeus, 1758). Reference containing the species Type Description is highlighted.
Linnaeus C 1758. Systema Naturae. Editio decima. 1. Regnum Animale Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. 824pp.
von Cosel R 1993. The razor shells of the eastern Atlantic. Part 1: Solenidae and Pharidae I (Bivalvia: Solenacea). Archiv für Molluskenkunde. 122: 207-321.
Yonge C M 1959. On the structure, biology and systematic position of Pharus legumen (L.). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 38: 277-290.
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