Scrobicularia plana (da Costa, 1778)
Tellinoidea : Semelidae
To size: To 65mm. Shell Structure: Solid, but thin shelled. Equivalve: Equivalve. Equilateral: Almost equilateral. Beaks in front of midline. Tumidity: Not tumid. Outline: Subovate. Posterior slightly angular.
Sculpture: Concentric lines and ridges. Margin: Smooth. Ligament: External and internal ligament. Internal large, opisthodetic, set in semicircular chondrophore beneath the external ligament. External ligament small, dark brown just behind beaks. Hinge: Two small cardinals in RV in front of ligament, one small cardinal in LV. No laterals. Pallial Musculature: Anterior adductor elongate, posterior tear-drop shaped. Pallial sinus large; flares upward to midline to a point that marks half the height of posterior scar and then reaches anteriorly and ventrally to become confluent with pallial line two-thirds of the way to the anterior margin. Cruciform muscle scars sometimes visible towards posterior ventral margin near the end of the pallial line. Periostracum: Thin, light brown. Colour: Cream/yellow/light brown.
Distribution & Ecology
Additional Information & Related Species
Tellinoidea : Semelidae
Listed are literature citing Scrobicularia plana (da Costa, 1778). Reference containing the species Type Description is highlighted.
da Costa E M 1778. Historia Naturalis Testaceorum Britanniae London: Millan, White, Elmsley & Robson. 254pp, 17pls.
Green J 1957. The growth of Scrobicularia plana (da Costa) in the Gwendraeth estuary. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 36: 41-47.
- Conchological Society
of Great Britain & Ireland
Provides resources for understanding, identifying, recording, and conserving molluscs
Check List of European Marine Mollusca
The Marine Life Information Network for Britain and Ireland (MarLIN) provides information for marine environmental management, protection and education. It is a centre of excellence in spatially based and time-series marine biological information and supports good stewardship in the marine environment.
- NBN Gateway
National Biodiversity Network's Gateway. Use it to explore UK biodiversity data, as contributed by participating data providers.
- Malacological Society
- Unitas Malacologica
- Census of Marine Life
MarBEF, a network of excellence funded by the European Union and consisting of 94 European marine institutes, is a platform to integrate and disseminate knowledge and expertise on marine biodiversity, with links to researchers, industry, stakeholders and the general public.