Yoldiella lenticula (Møller, 1842)
Nuculanoidea : Nuculanidae
Solid but not robust.
Moderately inequilateral, the beaks lie at least 40% of dorsal margin length from anterior. Becomes more inequilateral with growth.
Elongate-oval: dorsal margins crimped either side of the umbo; antero-dorsal margin short and gently sloping; postero-dorsal margin longer, slightly convex, gently sloping; posterior margin narrowly rounded; anterior margin more broadly rounded; ventral margin long, deeply rounded. Umbo broad, rounded, prominent, projecting just above the dorsal margin, situated distinctly anterior of midline.
Sculpture: Very weak concentric striations and more prominent, irregular growth ridges. Margin: Smooth. Ligament: Amphidetic, with the ligament seated within a socket below the beak in a developed resilifer. Hinge: Taxodont: long, broad, continuous, curved hinge plate with at least 11 chevron-shaped teeth on either side of the ligament, posterior row of teeth longer than anterior row. Periostracum: Slightly glossy, yellowy-brown. Colour: White. Additional Characters: The hind-gut forms a simple, rounded loop on the right side of the body.
Distribution & Ecology
Panarctic, south to northern Norway and Iceland in depths of 10-300m. Also known from deep water north Atlantic basins (West European and Canary) in depths from 1400-2245m.
This species displays “equatorial submergence” being found at much greater depths in the south of its range. The absence of records from the Faroe-Shetland Channel and Hebrides terrace may suggest that the taxonomy requires investigation but the anomaly be simply be due to under-recording.
Bathyal (500 - 2000m)
Abyssal Rise (2000 - 4000m)
Additional Information & Related Species
Nuculanoidea : Nuculanidae
Listed are literature citing Yoldiella lenticula (Møller, 1842). Reference containing the species Type Description is highlighted.
Allen, J.A., Sanders, H.L. & Hannah, F. 1995. Studies on the deep-sea Protobranchia (Bivalvia); the subfamily Yoldiellinae. Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History. 61: 11-90.
Killeen I.J. & Turner J. 2009. Yoldiella and Portlandia (Bivalvia) from the Faroe-Shetland Channel and Rockall Trough, Northeast Atlantic. Journal of Conchology. 39 (6): 733-778.
Møller H O 1842. Index Molluscorum Groenlandiae. Naturhistorisk Tidsskrift, Kjøbenhavn. 4(1): 76-97.
- Conchological Society
of Great Britain & Ireland
Provides resources for understanding, identifying, recording, and conserving molluscs
Check List of European Marine Mollusca
The Marine Life Information Network for Britain and Ireland (MarLIN) provides information for marine environmental management, protection and education. It is a centre of excellence in spatially based and time-series marine biological information and supports good stewardship in the marine environment.
- NBN Gateway
National Biodiversity Network's Gateway. Use it to explore UK biodiversity data, as contributed by participating data providers.
- Malacological Society
- Unitas Malacologica
- Census of Marine Life
MarBEF, a network of excellence funded by the European Union and consisting of 94 European marine institutes, is a platform to integrate and disseminate knowledge and expertise on marine biodiversity, with links to researchers, industry, stakeholders and the general public.