Myrtea spinifera (Montagu, 1803)
Lucinoidea : Lucinidae
To size: To 26mm. Shell Structure: Thin, solid. Equivalve: Equivalve. Equilateral: Inequilateral, beaks to anterior. Tumidity: Not tumid. Outline: Ovate, posterior dorsal margin almost straight, posterior margin squared off, anterior dorsal margin slightly concave and half the length of posterior. Contour: Short, deep lunule, escutcheon long and deep. Both bordered by tubercule-like extension of sculpture.
Sculpture: Concentric ridges which continue to anterior and posterior dorsal margins as raised ‘tubercules’. Margin: Smooth. Ligament: Pale brown, reaching half way to posterior margin. Hinge: One cardinal in RV, two in LV, Single anterior and posterior lateral in both valves. Pallial Musculature: Pallial line continuous. Anterior adductor longer and narrower than posterior. Periostracum: Thin, cream. Colour: White.
Distribution & Ecology
Across the entire shelf but absent from the southern North Sea and eastern English Channel.
Continental Shelf (to 200m)
Additional Information & Related Species
Lucinoidea : Lucinidae
Listed are literature citing Myrtea spinifera (Montagu, 1803). Reference containing the species Type Description is highlighted.
Allen J A 1958. On the basic form and adaptation to habitat in the Lucinacea (Eulamellibranchia). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B. 241: 421-484.
Dando P R, Southward A J, Southward E C, Terwilliger N B & Terwilliger R C 1985. Sulphur-oxidising bacteria and haemoglobin in gills of the bivalve mollusc Myrtea spinifera. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 23: 85.
Montagu G 1803. Testacea Britannica, or natural history of British shells, marine, land and the fresh-water, including the most minute: systematically arranged and embellished with figures Romsey, London. 606pp, 16pls.
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