Species Account

Solecurtus candidus (Brocchi, 1814)

Tellinoidea : Solecurtidae

Tebble name: n/a
Smith & Heppell name: n/a

To size: To 60mm. Shell Structure: Brittle. Equivalve: Equivalve. Equilateral: Inequilateral, beaks distinctly in front of midline. Outline: Oblong somewhat rectangular, dorsal and ventral margins parallel, anterior and posterior very broad, anterior almost truncate. Contour: Prominent anterior and posterior gapes.

Sculpture: Of oblique ribs running diagonally across the middle part of the shell and then changing direction over the posterior angle and forming a wave like pattern over the posterior area; the angle is rather wide and the ribs clearly separable. Anterior area with concentric lines and growth stops only. Margin: Smooth. Ligament: External, a prominent dark brown arched band on a slim nymph. Hinge: Hinge weak, 2 cardinal teeth in each valve but posterior in RV usually lost. Pallial Musculature: Pallial sinus deep extending beyond the line of the beaks, wedge shaped, dorsal arm curved not angled; confluent with pallial line for most of its length. Periostracum: Persistent around margins, thin brown in colour. Colour: Shell dirty white.

Distribution & Ecology

Ecology uncertain, a deep burrower probably in muddy shell gravel. A southern species reaching the western part of the Celtic Sea.

Depth Range
Continental Shelf (to 200m)

Additional Information & Related Species

Key Features & Similar Species

Can be distinguished from S. scopula by the parallel dorsal and ventral margins, the distinctly anterior position of the beaks and the open wave pattern of the ribs on the posterior area.

Related Species


Listed are literature citing Solecurtus candidus (Brocchi, 1814). Reference containing the species Type Description is highlighted.

Brocchi 1814. Conchiologia fossile subappenninica con osservazioni geologiche sugli Appennini e sul suolo adiacente I&II. Milano. 712pp, 16pls.
Deshayes G P 1839. Traité élém. Conch. I 122.
Oliver PG, Nolf F & Verstraeten J 2010. On the identity of Solecurtus scopula (Turton, 1822) and the establishment of S. candidus (Brocchi 1814). Journal of Conchology. 40 (2): 129-141.


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Record last modified: 22/03/2016