Species Account

Chamelea striatula (da Costa, 1778)

Veneroidea : Veneridae

Tebble name: n/a
Smith & Heppell name: Chamelea gallina (L., 1758)

To size: To 45mm. Shell Structure: Solid. Equivalve: Equivalve. Equilateral: Equilateral. Tumidity: Tumid. Outline: Subtrigonal. Posterior dorsal margin long and fairly straight, extends to rounded triangular end. Lunule heart-shaped and clearly defined with radiating ridges. Escutcheon indistinct depression.

Sculpture: Concentric ridges. In places ridge may branch/merge into another. Margin: Finely crenulate. Ligament: Sunken, discreet. Extends a third of dorsal margin. Hinge: 3 cardinals in each valve. No lateral. Pallial Musculature: Muscle scars roughly equal: Posterior slightly fatter than anterior. Pallial sinus small, triangular. Periostracum: Thin, matt. Colour: Cream/beige/yellow/brown may have 3 rays/lines/streaks/zigzags/blotches of reddish-brown/purple extending from umbos. Internal white sometimes with purple/yellow/orange around pallial sinus or under umbos.

Distribution & Ecology

Widely distributed on all coasts from the low intertidal to the outer shelf. Lives in fine to coarse sand frequently with a silty component. In clean sand and muddy sand.

Depth Range
Continental Shelf (to 200m)

Additional Information & Related Species


Listed are literature citing Chamelea striatula (da Costa, 1778). Reference containing the species Type Description is highlighted.

Backeljau T, Bouchet P, Gofas S & De Bruyn L 1994. Genetic variation, systematics and distribution of the venerid clam Chamelea gallina. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 74: 211-223.
da Costa E M 1778. Historia Naturalis Testaceorum Britanniae London: Millan, White, Elmsley & Robson. 254pp, 17pls.
Salas C & Gofas S 1998. Description of four new species of Neolepton Monterosato, 1875 (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Neoleptonidae), with comments on the genus and on its affinity with the Veneracea. Ophelia. 48(1): 35-70.


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Record last modified: 22/03/2016