Species Account

Venus verrucosa Linnaeus, 1758

Veneroidea : Veneridae

Tebble name: Venus verrucosa Linnaeus
Smith & Heppell name: Venus verrucosa L.,1758 1758

To size: To 65mm. Shell Structure: Robust, thick shelled. Equivalve: Equivalve. Equilateral: Inequilateral. Beaks in front of midline. Tumidity: Tumid. Outline: Subcircular. Posterior dorsal margin slopes steeply to posterior margin. Anterior margin protrudes into the lunule which is heart-shaped and covered with radiating ribs which continue as the concentric lamellae. Escutcheon well-defined, elongate and wider in LV than the RV, covered in radiating lines.

Sculpture: Concentric lamellae with intersecting fine radial lines to form wart-like protrusions or frills. Margin: Ventral and anterior (up to umbo) finely margin crenulate, posterior margin smooth from half way up. Ligament: Sunken, extends to just over one third of way along dorsal margin. Hinge: Three cardinals in each valve. LV centre bifid, and RV centre and posterior bifid. In LV small tubercule beneath anterior cardinal; a hint of one present in RV. Pallial Musculature: Muscle scars roughly equal: Posterior slightly fatter than anterior. Pallial sinus small, triangular. Periostracum: Thin, matt. Colour: Reddish-brown external, white internal.

Distribution & Ecology

Burrows in sand or gravel and found from the intertidal down to around 100m. Widespread but absent from the majority of the North Sea.

Depth Range
Continental Shelf (to 200m)

Additional Information & Related Species


Listed are literature citing Venus verrucosa Linnaeus, 1758. Reference containing the species Type Description is highlighted.

Linnaeus C 1758. Systema Naturae. Editio decima. 1. Regnum Animale Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. 824pp.


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Record last modified: 17/05/2016