Venus verrucosa Linnaeus, 1758
Veneroidea : Veneridae
Robust, thick shelled.
Inequilateral. Beaks in front of midline.
Subcircular. Posterior dorsal margin slopes steeply to posterior margin. Anterior margin protrudes into the lunule which is heart-shaped and covered with radiating ribs which continue as the concentric lamellae. Escutcheon well-defined, elongate and wider in LV than the RV, covered in radiating lines.
Sculpture: Concentric lamellae with intersecting fine radial lines to form wart-like protrusions or frills. Margin: Ventral and anterior (up to umbo) finely margin crenulate, posterior margin smooth from half way up. Ligament: Sunken, extends to just over one third of way along dorsal margin. Hinge: Three cardinals in each valve. LV centre bifid, and RV centre and posterior bifid. In LV small tubercule beneath anterior cardinal; a hint of one present in RV. Pallial Musculature: Muscle scars roughly equal: Posterior slightly fatter than anterior. Pallial sinus small, triangular. Periostracum: Thin, matt. Colour: Reddish-brown external, white internal.
Distribution & Ecology
Continental Shelf (to 200m)
Additional Information & Related Species
Veneroidea : Veneridae
Listed are literature citing Venus verrucosa Linnaeus, 1758. Reference containing the species Type Description is highlighted.
Linnaeus C 1758. Systema Naturae. Editio decima. 1. Regnum Animale Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. 824pp.
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